Mostbet – The soccer club Barcelona, known colloquially as Barça, is based in the city of the same name. It was founded in 1899 by a group of Swiss, British, Spanish and Catalan players led by Joan Gamper. The club became one of the symbols of Catalonia, hence the phrase – El Barca es mes que un club (“Barça” is more than just a club).
On October 22, 1899 a notice about the creation of a soccer club appeared in the Barcelona newspaper Los Deportes. It was posted by a Swiss, Hans (Joan) Gamper, a 21-year-old accountant. Eleven people responded to the ad: Walter Wilde, Lewis d’Osso, Bartolomeu Terradas, Otto Kunzle, Otto Meyer, Enric Ducal, Pere Cabot, Carles Puyol, Josep Llobet, John and William Parsons.
At that time, soccer in the Pyrenees was played mainly by English miners working in the mines of Huelva. It was they who founded the first soccer club in Spain – Recreativo. But back to Barcelona. A week later in the gymnasium of Gimnasio Sole held a meeting. The result of which was the creation of a new soccer club.
The team was called in English “Foot Ball Club Barcelona”. Rather than in the Spanish manner (it would be Barcelona Club de Futbol). It is interesting that earlier Catalans` irreconcilable rivals. Real Madrid and Athletic Bilbao also were called in English style.
By the way, earlier Gamper in his homeland had already organized. Soccer team with the wondrous name Excelsior. After that he played in Basel and Zurich. Then fate threw him in Barcelona. Where at the time there was no soccer team. Which Gamper, in fact, corrected…
On December 8 he “celebrated” his birthday with a match against the city’s English diaspora – lost 0:1. The Catalans played with ten men – could not score more. Part of the founders played for the opposing team. Yes, Gamper became the captain of the newly born club.
However, after the Christmas holidays they won the rematch 2-1. At that time the “blue-granate” shared the home arena with another club – “Catala” (“Catalan”), which claimed the role of leader in the “newborn” Catalan soccer. And who plays at the stadium was decided very simply – first come. First served! Barça’s first trophy was a souvenir from Jose Canalejas, the president of the Spanish Gymnastics Federation(!). The Blaugranas played two matches against their neighbors at the stadium – the first was won 3-1. The second – 4-0 (plus two players were kicked off the pitch for “batting their faces”). The defeated were offended. And refused to let Barça use the former Bonanova Stadium.
The team began to wander around the city in search of a new arena. By the way, at that time the Blues and Granatas were friends. With the Spanish Football Society (later Espanyol – even held joint dinners. However, “fractured” in 1906. When “Espanyol” self-dissolved, and the majority of its players have gone to “X”. Who controlled the Association of Catalan clubs, and referees often whistled in favor of them. In 1909. Espanyol resurrected, merged with X, and inherited a feud with Barça. Both on the field and in the stands).
So, the club has become one of the leading clubs not only in Catalonia but also in Spain. Successfully playing in the Championship of Catalonia and in the Spanish Cup of the King. In 1902 the team won its first trophy, the Macaya Cup, and played in the first final of the Royal Cup.
In 1908 one of its founders and forward Joan (Joan, Hans) Gamper. Became president of the club. The club was on the verge of collapse. After winning the championship of Catalonia in 1905 three years in a row nothing has been won. And the financial situation has deteriorated sharply.
Between 1899 and 1909 played at: “Hotel Casanova,” “Horta,” and “Muntaner.” One of Gamper’s major achievements was acquiring its own stadium. On March 14, 1909, the team settled in the Carrer Industria stadium (8,000 spectators). Moved to the Camp de Les Corts (Les Corts), initially 22,000 seats, later 60,000 seats. Then began a campaign to increase the number of members of the club, and by 1922 their number exceeded 10,000.
During his presidency the Catalans won 11 Catalan Championships, 6 Spanish Cups and 4 Pyrenees Cups, it was the first “golden age” of the club.
The first own club’s stadium was a small arena, surrounded by wooden benches. There were no changing rooms (we changed clothes in the neighboring villa). Instead of showers – pouring from a jug. However, it was in this stadium that the team’s fans’ nickname, “cules” (“culo” meaning “bum”), was born.
The clue is simple – at that time by passing by the stadium. Passersby often saw just this part of the body fans of Barça … The middle of the 20′s marked the beginning of political conflicts, who will shake the club for a long time. After the royalist march of June 14th 1925, in honor of Orfeo Catala, a reaction against the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera. Stadium was closed for half a year (then the term was reduced to 3 months), and Gumper was forced to resign as president. On July 30, 1930, in a period of depression caused by personal and money troubles, he committed suicide.
The club entered a period of failure and faced a crisis on 3 fronts at once: financial, social (the number of club members was constantly decreasing). Sporting (although the team was steadily winning the Catalan championship. But there was no international success other than winning the 1937 Mediterranean League). On August 6, 1936, Josep Zúñol, the president of the club, was arrested and killed by the Francists.
A year later, the team made a tour of the United States and Mexico, from which half of the team did not return. On 16 March 1938, the fascists bombed the Barça social club. A few months later the city was occupied by the Francoists and the club. Fetish of “undisciplined” Catalan nationalists, faced serious problems and its membership dwindled to 3,486. Hard times had come.
After the end of the Civil War, the Catalan language and flag were banned (the fight against separatism). It was also forbidden to use non-Spanish names. In 1941 the name of the club was changed to “Club de Futbol Barcelona”, with this name it existed for 33 years.
From the coat of arms was removed the Catalan flag. Under the leadership of Josep (Jose) Samitier in 1945 for the first time in 16 years Barça won the national championship. In the years 1948-1949 the team won the championship twice, and in 1949 also won the Latin Cup.
When Ferdinand (Fernando) Dauchic was the coach, with the great Ladislao Cubala. One of the best players in the world, in 1952 set a kind of record: winning the championship and the Cup of the country (then it was called Copa del Generalisimo). The Latin Cup, the Spanish Super Cup (Eva Duarte Cup) and the Martini Rossi Cup. In 1953 they registered a double. Winning the championship and the Spanish Cup. In 1957 they built a new Camp Nou Stadium.
Victories accompanied under the new coach Elenio Herrera: the national double in 1959 (championship and cup). In 1960, the second Cup of fairs and victory in the national championship. In 1961, Barça became the first club to interrupt Real Madrid’s monopoly in the European Cup of Champions.
The original name “Football Club Barcelona” was returned to the team in 1974. In the 1973/74 season the Dutch striker Johan Cruyff (Cruyff) transferred from Ajax became the leader of Barça. He became a fan favorite. After refusing to move to Real Madrid and naming his son Jordi (Jordi) after the Catalan name. In 1978, Josep Luis Núñez became president.
He strove to turn Barça into the world’s leading club and bring back financial stability. In 1982 Maradona joined the team from Boca Juniors for 3 million pounds. In 1988 Cruyff became head coach. The club brought in: Guardiola, Baquero, Begiristain, Goicoechea. Hadji, Koeman, Laudrup, Romario and Stoitchkov, and the team in the early 90s. Analogy with the legendary U.S. basketball team of those years received the nickname “Dream Team”.
The team took all the trophies: championships, cups and Super Cups. But everything comes to an end, and the winning streak of the “blue-granate” ended. In the final of the League season of 1993/94 with the loss to AC Milan. During his time at the helm Cruyff set two club records: for the length of his tenure and the number of trophies won. In 1996 the coach left the team and his departure was the end of the “Dream Team” era.
Bobby Robson became head coach for one season and Barça had a “cup hat-trick”. The Spanish Cup, the Spanish Super Cup and the Cup Winners’ Cup. Ronaldo moved from PSV, with Sir Ronaldo himself remembered for saying: “Catalonia is a country and Barcelona is its army”.
Robson was succeeded by Louis van Gaal and joined by Figo, de Oliveira, Henrique Martinez and Rivaldo. In 1999 the club celebrated its centenary by winning the national championship. Rivaldo was named Europe’s best player, becoming the fourth Pomegranate to win the trophy.
But the League relegation at the 1/2 finals stage sent the president and coach into retirement. The fans’ favorite Figo transferred to Real Madrid (fans later threw a pig’s head. Him during one of the Clásico at Camp Nou). Between 2000-2003 João Gaspart was the president. Under him the team achieved nothing, and the club’s debts reached the mark of 70 million euros.
Gaspart was replaced by Joan Laporta and van Gaal by former Ajax and AC Milan star Frank Rijkaard. With him the Pomegranates began to revive. Ronaldinho, Decu, Eto’o, Messi, Marquez and Puyol. Iniesta, Xavi and Valdes joined the team. In 2003/04 season the team won the silver medal, and in 2004/05 won the championship and won the Spanish Super Cup. Ronaldinho became the best player of the year, and Eto’o was in the 3rd place in that list.
The 2005/06 season is considered by many as the best season in history: championship gold, Super Cup and victory in the Champions League. Rijkaard became the first Catalan coach in history to beat Real Madrid away twice. The next season was less successful as Messi and Eto’o were out for long periods. After a pre-season tour to the United States due to injuries. At the end of the failed 2007/2008 season Rijkaard was dismissed.
In the summer of 2008, Josepp Guardiola, who immediately launched a “great cleansing”. Gone were Zambrotta, Thuram, Edmilson, Decu, Esquerro and Ronaldinho. They came: Alves, Pique, Keita, Caceres, Henrique, Gleb. The coach did not want Eto’o. Who can’t keep his mouth shut, to hang on to the team. Cameroonian attacker was able to prove to Guardiola during pre-season training camps that he will still be of service to the club.
The mentor, who had previously coached the Blaugranas’ reserve team, consisting mainly of young players, also began to add two Barcelona trainees. Sergio Busquets and Pedro, to the main squad. The team began to play attacking, beautiful soccer, with only one team on the pitch – Barcelona.
However, for a very long time the Catalans could not win in the Primera – only in the third round. The match with Sporting of Gijon was won (6:1). In the next round, in a meeting with Betis, Samuel Eto’o scored the 100th goal for the club in official matches.
In the season 2008/2009, the Blue Granatas have taken all the trophies – the La Liga title. The Copa del Rey, the Spanish Super Cup. Won the UEFA Champions League, won the UEFA Super Cup and won the Club World Cup. That is, Guardiola’s charges have made a triplet, winning the King’s Cup, the Spanish Championship and the Champions League. In one season, which none of the Spanish clubs has ever managed.
“Barça is not a Spanish club…The final result is the victory in all six tournaments in which they took part. In the history of “soccer” Barcelona has become the first club that was able to achieve such a result (as if not the last…).
In the summer of 2009, left-back Maxwell (Inter) was signed in place of Silvigno, who moved to Manchester City on a free agent. Then they “swapped” Eto’o for Ibrahimovic (quite in vain, as Zlatan had to replace the Cameroonian who could not find a common language with the coach, the Swede apparently “overdid” on himself and the misunderstanding with the coach, while he did not replace Sami on the field at all). It is unclear why Chygrynskiy was bought from Shakhtar. The team left: Gudjonsen and Horkera. Gleb was loaned to Stuttgart on a one-year lease.
However, in the next season, the Blaugranas slowed down, either because they were tired or because they lost motivation. Or maybe the players were already preparing for the World Cup? Be that as it may, Barça won the Spanish championship and the Super Cup again, with Sevilla winning the domestic cup.
And in the Champions League a misfire – the departure in the semifinals of Inter. Club had a new president, which resulted in a new transfer policy. Acquisitions: David Villa, Javier Mascherano, Adriano. Leaves: Chigrinski, Henrique. Rafael Marquez, Caceres, Yaya Touré, Victor Sanchez, Keirrison, Thierry Henry, Ibrahimovic on loan to AC Milan, who repeatedly fought with Josep Guardiola.
In the season 2010/11 Barcelona managed to return to the leading position not only in the Spanish championship, but also in the world. For the third time in a row the Catalan club won the Spanish championship, as well as winning the UEFA Champions League final. Beating Manchester United in the decisive match. In August, they defeated Porto in the UEFA Super Cup.
The next season turned out to be a turning point for Barcelona. And it is not about the fact that the Catalans have given the title of the best team in Spain to Real Madrid. The reason is that Josep Guardiola left the team in 2012. With him, Barcelona have become the strongest team in the world. Winning fourteen trophies in four seasons, a record figure. Moreover, Guardiola became the most successful coach of the club.
Instead of Guardiola, his assistant Tito Vilanova replaced him at the helm of Barcelona. He managed to return Barcelona to win the Spanish championship, but, unfortunately. Vilanova was forced to leave the coaching post due to health problems. And in April 2014 Vilanova died of cancer…
Season 2013/14 “Barcelona” was coached by Gerardo Martino, and his work with the team was considered unsuccessful. The Catalans were second in the Primera, and also lost in the final of the Spanish Cup. Former Barcelona player Luis Enrique replaced Martino at the helm.
Under him there was a serious rejuvenation: not only veterans like Victor Valdes and Carles Puyol. Who finished his career, but also players like Cesc Fabregas and Alexis Sanchez left the team. At the same time, the reinforcements were incredibly powerful. If the year before, Neymar joined Barcelona, now Luis Suarez played in the Blaugranas offense as well. Neymar, Suarez and Messi in the attack is, of course, an incredibly powerful attack. But can Luis Enrique manage it?